Confluence Library

Bobbie Conner (Cayuse, Nez Perce, Umatilla) talks about Native fortitude.

Tanna Engdahl (Cowlitz) talks about the adoption of written language and its use in gaining tribal recognition.

Tony Johnson (Chinook) talks about the Chinuk Wawa pidgin language, and how it was passed down to families because of its importance in contact between cultures

Aurelia Stacoma (Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs) talks about relationship to the Columbia River.

Bill Yallup, Jr (Yakama) talks about PTSD among tribal members and proposes a solution to unnecessary police harassment. 4:28.

Leah Conner (Umatilla) talks about an attack on her family by militia which killed her great-grandparents.

Shirley Stahi recalls working in the longhouse and the teamwork that existed there.

Tanna Engdahl (Cowlitz) talks about dealing with discrimination with her grandmother.

Tony Johnson (Chinook) talks about inheritance not being in monetary wealth but in resources and access.

Bobbie Conner (Cayuse/Nez Perce/Umatilla) talks about treaties and their impact on fishing and property rights. 1:41.