The Redheart Ceremony Oral History Collection

Each year, Nimiipuu (Nez Perce) people gather in a grassy field at the Fort Vancouver National Historic Site to honor their ancestors who were incarcerated here in 1877-78. The men, women, and children — led by Chief Redheart at the time — were treated harshly. Conditions were so bad that a young boy died. More than 120 years later, the Redheart Memorial began in 1998 and has happened every year until 2020, when it was cancelled because of the coronavirus pandemic. This year, Nimiipuu members of the Redheart families gathered once again, this time in a private, socially-distant ceremony that included only Tribal members and representatives from the City of Vancouver and the National Park Service.

In lieu of a public event, Confluence has partnered with organizers of the ceremony on this Redheart Memorial Oral History Project to record this year’s event and gather oral history interviews from participants, with support from the National Nez Perce Historic Trail. A recording of the event will air on CVTV and be available at the Confluence Digital Library, where we will also keep the oral history recordings. We have collected the first set of those interviews into a special episode of the Confluence Story Gathering Podcast.


Podcast: The Redheart Ceremony Oral History

A 29 minute podcast that weaves together voices of those involved the ceremony.

Podcast: The Evolving Redheart Memorial

Over the years, the Redheart memorial has evolved and deepened. In today’s episode, we will hear from three Nez Perce Tribal members: Jeffery Scott, Clendon Allen, and Danae Wilson. You’ll hear them talk about the healing this memorial brings, despite the tragedy it commemorates.

Interview: Jaime Pinkham

Jaime Pinkham, Nez Perce tribal member and Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Army for Civil Works, talks about the importance of the Redheart Memorial.

Interview: Royce Pollard

Former Vancouver Mayor Royce Pollard speaks about his role in the Redheart Memorial.

Interview: Wilfred Scott

In this interview, Wilfred Scott talks about the Redheart Band’s unjust imprisonment and how the ceremony came to be.

Interview: Pete Wilson

Pete Wilson, Nimiipuu, talks about his involvement in the Redheart Memorial and his role in the pipe ceremony.

Interview: Mary Wood

Mary Wood, the great-granddaughter of C.E.S Wood speaks about her family’s involvement in the Nez Perce Wars and her personal involvement in the current Redheart Memorial.

Interview: Tai Simpson

Tai Simpson, a direct descendant of Chief Redheart, talks about the Redheart Ceremony and decolonization.


Wilfred and Bessie Greene Scott: Honoring the Redheart Band

Wilfred and Bessie Greene Scott (Nez Perce) talk about their experiences in the Redheart Band at ceremonies

Stories from the River: The Nez Perce Wars

In this instalment of Short Stories from the River, Wilfred Scott relates a story of his wife’s ancestors being attacked by US Army during the Nez Perce Wars.

Interviews were conducted by Courtney Yilk, Confluence Program Manager, and Colin Fogarty, Confluence Executive Director. Videography by Woodrow Hunt of Tule Films. The collection is curated by Lily Hart, Confluence Digital Manager (lily@confluenceproject).

Interviewes: Tai Simpson, Wilfred and Bessie Scott, Pete Wilson, Royce Pollard, Jamie Pinkham, and Mary Wood.
The Redheart Memorial Ceremony
Wilfred and Bessie Scott
Related Content