Confluence Library

Bobbie Conner (Cayuse, Nez Perce, Umatilla) talks about Native fortitude.

Mike Iyall (Cowlitz) talks about continent-wide trade between tribes.

Wilfred and Bessie Scott (Nez Perce) talk about military action against the Nez Perce that killed several children, including Bessie’s then-five-year-old great-aunt.

Greg Archuleta (Confederated Tribes of the Grand Ronde) talks about honoring one’s ancestors through traditional techniques and practices.

Linda Meanus (Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs) talks about Tommy Thompson and the importance of salmon.

Virginia Beavert (Yakama) speaks to Confluence in Ichishkíin Sɨ́nwit about education. English transcription included.

Tony Johnson (Chinook) talks about culture and what makes Chinook culture. 1:11.

Aurelia Stacona (Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs) talks about falling into the Celilo Falls as a child.

Bill Yallup Jr (Yakama, Rock Creek) talks about the wealth of Celilo Falls and its trade importance.

Greg Archuleta (Confederated Tribes of the Grand Ronde) talks about life during the Termination period, and the efforts in the 1970s to revive tribal recognition and lands.