Confluence Library

Bobbie Conner (Cayuse, Nez Perce, Umatilla) talks about Native fortitude.

The theme of this video is treaties. Seven Native individuals talk about treaty protections, property rights, culture, and first rights. By Tule Films with support from the National Endowment for the Arts.

In this excerpt, Dr. Virginia Beavert talks about the importance of speaking her Native language.

This talk argues that the Doctrine of Discovery morphed into “American Manifest Destiny” and was used, and is still being used today, to justify the United States’ acquisition of the lands and assets of the Indian Nations and peoples.

Wilfred and Bessie Green Scott (Nez Perce) talk about nighttime raids by the Oregon State Police about fishing violations. 1:15.

Tony Johnson (Chinook) talks about how the Boldt Decision reduced the fishing rights of many tribes, including the Chinook.

This is an excerpt from an interview with Chief Delvis Heath. Chief Delvis Heath tells the story of a man who had the power of the wind.


Greg Archuleta (Confederated Tribes of Grand Ronde) talks about unsuccessful attempts by Indian agents to keep members of the Confederated Tribes of Grand Ronde from fishing in the falls.

Bill Yallup Jr (Yakama) talks about teaching self-care and insight.

Virginia Beavert (Yakama) talks about Tommy Thompson, Flora Thompson, and the loss of Celilo Falls.