Confluence Library

A brief summary of the treaties and Acts signed by Presidents Lincoln, Johnson, and Grant in the 1860s and 1870s which affected Native tribes, especially the Nez Perce.

Lieutenant C.E.S. Wood an army officer who watched the Nez Perce and had a personal relationship with Chief Joseph in 1877. This article contains excerpts from an essay published by Lt. Wood on the “Indian Question.”