Confluence Library

Since 2011, the Confluence Story Gathering project has conducted interviews with more than forty Indigenous Elders and leaders from the Columbia River system. Learn more about the history of this project and what protocol to follow when using these videos.

In this excerpt, Linda Meanus explains stick games.

In this episode of Indigenous Voices of the Columbia River, Patrica Whitefoot (Yakama), Roberta Kirk (Wasco and Dine) and Chuck Sams (Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation) discuss the importance of the river and interconnectedness.

Bobbie Conner (Cayuse, Nez Perce, Umatilla) talks about Native fortitude.

The theme of this video is treaties. Seven Native individuals talk about treaty protections, property rights, culture, and first rights. By Tule Films with support from the National Endowment for the Arts.

Tule Films founder Woodrow Hunt talks about his work with Confluence, termination and resilience, and how his own family history relates to the work he does.

In this excerpt, Dr. Virginia Beavert talks about the importance of speaking her Native language.

In this episode, James Holt (Nez Perce) talks about lifeways, intergenerational trauma, and Nez Perce endurance.

Wilfred and Bessie Scott (Nez Perce) talk about their experiences in the Redheart Band at ceremonies.

Antone Minthorn (Cayuse, Nez Perce, Umatilla) talks about life on the Umatilla Reservation, the struggle for sovereignty, and Maya Lin. Fully subtitled. 2:32.