Tag Archives: indiginous

Louis Caywood at Fort Clatsop – a less than successful search.

The Archaeological Footprints of Louis R. Caywood

Archeologist Louis Caywood was a pioneer of studying the buried clues that’ll the story of the Columbia River. He represents a good starting point but modern archeologists have learned to dig deeper to unearth valuable insights to our past. more >

Wilfred and Bessie (Green) Scott shared stories with Confluence and our partners at NW Documentary. Photo by Ian McCluskey.

River People: “That’s the Only Place We’ve Ever Lived”

“River People” generally refers to indigenous tribes and bands that live along the Columbia River, and sometimes those specifically who fished at Celilo Falls or lived below the falls along the river. But some see a broader definition of that term. “I think all of us are River People,” says Nez Perce elder Wilfred Scott. more >

Western Pond Turtles, familiarly known as Mud Turtles, once thrived near Fort Vancouver. By Jerry Kirkhart via Wikimedia Commons

Vancouver: Land of the Mud Turtles

By Mary Rose One hundred miles above the mouth of the Columbia River, the Hudson’s Bay Company built its premier fort in the West. The French Canadians called it “Jolie Prairie”[1] but long before the presence of outsiders, Native Americans … more >

wapato tubers

Important Foods: Wapato

Wapato was a staple of the native diet throughout the Columbia River system. It still grows in the Northwest today, especially in restored lands such as the Sandy River Delta. In some places, wapato is no longer safe to eat because it absorbs metals and other pollutants. In others, it’s fine so make sure to check! more >

ColumbiaInASquall

By Land and By Sea, First Reports of the Great River

First impressions of the Columbia River from European and American explorers were big news at the time and continue to shape our understanding of the Northwest. By land and by sea, the early reports of the Columbia River paint a picture of an indigenous canoe culture and lush landscape. more >