Tributaries: A Confluence History Blog

View III Celilo Canal

A View of the Columbia IV – the Closing Journey of 1920

By Mary Rose On down the river Freeman continued, writing that once clear of the rocks, “I found myself at the head of the long, lake-like stretch of water backed up above Celilo Falls. The low rumble of the greatest … more >

View III  Ike's Raft & Roos

A View of the Columbia in 1920 Part III – Historic Glimpses from Kettle Falls to Pasco

Part III in Lewis Freeman’s journey down the Columbia River covers stretches of rapids between Kettle Falls and Pasco, WA, now home to the Confluence Story Circles. more >

Kettle Falls in Early 1900’s

Kettle Falls, Bigger than Celilo, Silenced 75 Years Ago

Taking a brief detour from the journey of Lewis Freeman, this week looks more deeply at Kettle Falls. Like Celilo Falls, Kettle Falls is another example of the mighty Columbia being ‘tamed’ by hydroelectric infrastructure, and a story of dramatic loss. more >

Kettle Falls, photographed by the Spokane Camera Club in 1938. The rapids were inundated by Roosevelt Lake, reservoir to the Grand Coulee Dam in 1942.

A View of the Columbia in 1920 Part II

In part II of our journey down the Columbia, the words of Lewis Freeman describe a series of harrowing rapids as he travels down river from a point near the mouth in British Columbia. more >

“What had been merely a swiftly flowing river with a streak of silver riffles down the middle has changed to a tumble of cascades that gleamed in solid white from bank to bank like the churned snow of a freshly descended avalanche. There was no green water whatever; not even a streak that was tinged with green.“ Surprise Rapids photographed on behalf of L.R. Freeman in 1920.

A View of the Columbia in 1920 Part I

Imagine canoeing the length of a wild Columbia River before the dams. In 1920, one man did it. Daredevil travel writer Lewis Freeman documented what he saw and who be met, offering a glimpse of life before the hydroelectric system turned the Columbia River mostly into a series of lakes. more >